Effects of Adding Silica Fume and Empty Fruit Bunch to the Mix of Cement Brick

  • Jen Hua Ling School of Engineering and Technology, University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Yong Tat Lim School of Engineering and Technology, University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Wen Kam Leong School of Engineering and Technology, University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia
  • How Teck Sia School of Engineering and Technology, University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia

Abstract

Silica fume (SF) and palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB) are the by-products of the ferroalloy smelting industry and oil palm plantation, which require proper disposal to minimize the environmental impacts. To consume the by-products, the feasibility of utilizing SF and EFB to fabricate bricks was studied. Limited studies were adopting EFB as the natural fibres in bricks and its pro-portion barely exceeded 5%. With the enhancement of SF, EFB content in the mix could be increased. In this study, 336 specimens were produced in the cement-to-sand (c/s) ratios of 1:2.5 and 1:3, where SF replaced 10% to 15% cement in the mix by weight while EFB substituted 20% to 25% sand by volume. The specimens were tested for the compressive strength, density, and water absorption properties. SF was found to strengthen the mix, while EFB reduced the compressive strength and increased the water absorption capacity of the brick. Based on the evaluation results, the mix containing less than 10% SF and 20% EFB content was applicable for non-load-bearing brick.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah, N., Sulaiman, F., & Gerhauser, H. (2011). Characterisation of oil palm empty fruit bunches for fuel application. Journal of Physical Science, 22(1), 1–24.

ACI Committee 234. (2006). Guide for the use of silica fume in concrete.

Chang, S. H. (2014). An overview of empty fruit bunch from oil palm as feedstock for bio-oil production. Biomass and Bioenergy, 62, 174–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.01.002.

Dalimin, M. N. (1995). Renewable energy update: Malaysia. Renewable Energy, 6(4), 435–439. https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-1481(94)00070-M.

Danso, H., Martinson, D. B., Ali, M., & Williams, J. B. (2015). Physical, mechanical and durability properties of soil building blocks reinforced with natural fibres. Construction and Building Materials, 101, 797–809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.10.069.

Gawatre, D. W., & Vairagade, L. N. (2012). Strength characteristics of different types of bricks. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3, 2247–2252.

Harsono, H., Putra, A. S., Maryana, R., Rizaluddin, A. T., H’ng, Y. Y., Nakagawa-izumi, A., & Ohi, H. (2016). Preparation of dissolving pulp from oil palm empty fruit bunch by prehydrolysis soda-anthraquinone cooking method. Journal of Wood Science, 62(1), 65–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-015-1526-3.

Ismail, S., & Yaacob, Z. (2011). Properties of laterite brick reinforced with oil palm empty fruit bunch fibres. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 19, 33–43.

Kadir, A. A., Sarani, N. A., Mokhtar, S. Z., & Abdullah, M. M. A. (2017a). Physical and mechanical properties by utilizing empty fruit bunch into fired clay brick. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1835(1), 020012. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4981834.

Kadir, A. A., Sarani, N. A., Zaman, N. N., & Abdullah, M. M. A. B. (2017b). Feasibility study on utilization of palm fibre waste into fired clay brick. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1835(1), 020039. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4981861.

Kolop, R., Im, H. W., & Eng, J. W. (2008). Properties of cement blocks containing high content of oil palm empthy fruit bunches (EFB) fibres. Proceedings of the International Conference on Civil Engineering Practice (ICCE08).

Kumar, B. M. V., Ananthan, H., & Balaji, K. V. A. (2017). Experimental studies on cement stabilized masonry blocks prepared from brick powder, fine recycled concrete aggregate and pozzolanic materials. Journal of Building Engineering, 10(10), 80–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2017.02.007.

Ling, J. H., Lim, Y. T., Leong, W. K., Jusli, E., & Sia, H. T. (2019). Properties of cement brick with partial replacement of sand and cement with oil palm empty fruit bunches and silica fume. Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum, 5(3), 289. https://doi.org/10.22146/jcef.47982.

Malaysian Palm Oil Board. (2020). Economics and industry development division. http://bepi.mpob.gov.my/index.php/en/.

Raj, A. N., & Gomez, C. P. (2017). Development of thermally efficient fibre based eco-friendly bricks. Construction and Building Materials, 133, 275–284. https://doi.org/10.15680/IJIRSET.2017.0604131.
Published
2021-03-02
How to Cite
LING, Jen Hua et al. Effects of Adding Silica Fume and Empty Fruit Bunch to the Mix of Cement Brick. Indonesian Journal of Computing, Engineering and Design (IJoCED), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 19-30, mar. 2021. ISSN 2656-8179. Available at: <http://ojs.sampoernauniversity.ac.id/index.php/IJOCED/article/view/141>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.35806/ijoced.v3i1.141.
Section
Articles