• Jones E. Umukoro Department of Business Administration and Marketing, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Johnson A. Egwakhe Professor, Dean, School of Management Sciences, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Ranti B. Falana Business Administration, Dominican University Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria


The strength of an organisation lies predominantly in her personnel as the creative person. However, limited studies on well-being input exist in developing countries. Also, the scope and methodological gap in a previous study conducted on flexible well-being and smart-head necessitated this study. Thus, the paper determined the effect and sensitivity relationship of redefined well-being dimensions on creative person. A cross-sectional survey research design was used while a validated questionnaire was distributed and 532 retrieved from  academic staff ranked as Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor and Professor. The multi-stage random sampling technique was applied to eight selected private universities in South-West Nigeria. Findings from multiple regression analysis conducted revealed that redefined well-being had a combined positive significant effect on creative person [(Adj. R2 = 0.331 (F (6, 525) = 44.877, p<0.05)] and the artificial neural network analysis showed technological work environment as the best individual predictor. The paper strengthens the Person Environment (P-E) Fit Theory assumptions and the position to consistently redefine well-being input as a maxim to stimulate academics’ creativity for a novel knowledge-based economy, patent, and ranking.


Abdulbaqi, S. Z., Tejideen, T. O., Raji, K. O., Balogun O. S., & Isiaq, A. A. (2018). Technology and worker’s alienation in two contrasting work environment in Ilorin, Kwara State Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Reviews, 8(1), 124-132.
Ahaneku, J. (2018). Nigerian varsities churning out “internet professors”-academic. The Sun.
Ahmed, O. M., Kamil, B. A. M., & Ishak, A. K. (2018). Influence of perceived stress and organisational justice on employee well-being amongst academia: A conceptual paper. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(8), 396-409. DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v8-i8/4477
Alabi, A. T., Murlala, A. T., & Lawal, A. A. (2017). Lecturers’ work stress and job performance in Kwara State Colleges of Education, Nigeria. Journal of Vocational Technology, 4(1), 1-7.
Alfonso, B. C. (1993). The university as an institution today: Topics for reflection. Paris: International Development Research Centre, UNESCO.
Amabile, T. M., Burnside, R., & Gryskiewicz, S. S. (1995). User’s guide for KEYS: Assessing the climate for creativity. Center for Creative Leadership, Greensboro, NC.
Bakker, A. B. (2015). A job demands–resources approach to public service motivation. Public Administration Review, 75(5), 723–732.
Bawuro, F. A., Danjuma, I., & Wajiga, H. (2018). Factors influencing innovative behaviour of teachers in secondary schools in the North-East of Nigeria. Path of Science, 4(3), 1007-1017.
Blomberg, A., Kallio, T., & Pohjanpää, H. (2017). Antecedents of organisational creativity: Drivers, barriers or both? Journal of Innovation Management, 5, 78-104.
Bücker, S., Nuraydin, S., Simonsmeier, B. A., Schneider, M., & Luhmann, M. (2018). Subjective well-being and academic achievement: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 5(5), 1-11.
Bukoye, R. O. (2017). Re-orientation of Nigerians towards mental health: Its counseling implications. European Scientific Journal, 13(17), 302-316. DOI:
Chau, K. Y., Zhu, Y. L., Shen, H. W., & Huang, S. Z. (2018). A study on creative personality and innovation behavior-well-being as the mediator. Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics, 21(2), 253-264. DOI: 10.1080/09720502.2017.1420556
Coates, G., Alharbi, M., Li C, Ahilan, S., & Wright, N. (2020). Evaluating the operational resilience of small and medium-sized enterprises to flooding using a computational modelling and simulation approach: A case study of the 2007 flood in Tewkesbury. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 378:
Corazza, G. (2016). Potential originality and effectiveness: The dynamic definition of creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 28, 258-267.
Crawford, J., Butler-Henderson, K., Rudolph, J., Malkawi, B., Glowatz, M., Burton, R., Lagmi, P., & Lam, S. (2020). COVID-19: 20 countries’ higher education intra-period digital pedagogy responses. Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, 3(1), 1-20. DOI: 10.37074/jalt.2020.3.1.7
Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Oishi, S. (2018). Advances and open questions in the science of subjective well-being. Collabra: Psychology, 4(1), 1-15.
Dietrich, A. (2014). The Myth-conception of the mad genius. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 79.
Deloitte Global (2019). Societal discord and technological transformation create a generation disrupted.
Economic Confidential. (2017, August 29). Universities rankings-2017.
Ekechukwu, R. O., & Isiguzo, B. C. (2016). Stress and its associated health problems among nonacademic staff in Nigerian universities: A case study of university of Port Harcourt. European Journal of Psychological Research, 3(1), 16-27.
ElMelegy, A. R., Mohiuddin, Q., Boronico, J., & Maasher, A. A. (2016). Fostering creativity in creative environments: An empirical study of Saudi Firms. Contemporary Management Research, 12(1), 144-231. DOI: 10.7903/cmr.14431
Fakir, Z. (2010). Examination of the instantaneous relationship between perceptions of workload on emotions in the context of a longitudinal study. (Doctoral dissertation). University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
French, J. R. P., Jr., Rodgers, W. L., & Cobb, S. (1974). Adjustment as person-environment fit. In G. Coelho, D. Hamburg, & J. Adams (Eds.), Coping and adaptation (pp. 316-333). New York: Basic Books.
Gajda, A., Karwowski, M., & Beghetto, R. A. (2017). Creativity and academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology, 109, 269-299.
García-Sánchez, E., García-Morales, V. J., & Martín-Rojas, R. (2018). Influence of technological assets on organisational performance through absorptive capacity, organisational innovation and internal labour flexibility. Sustainability, 10, 1-25.
Gareth, H., & Wilson, C. (2017). From transcendence to general maintenance: Exploring the creativity and well-being dynamic in higher education. In F. Reisman (Ed.), Creativity, innovation and well-being. London: KIE Conference Publications.
Gorondutse, A. H., & John, J. A. (2018). The effect of workload pressure on creativity in private higher education institutions (PHEIs). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE.
Griffee, D. T. (2012). An introduction to second language research methods: Design and data. 1st ed. CA: TESL-EJ Publications.
Guest, D. E. (2017). Human resource management and employee well-being: Towards a new analytic framework. Human Resource Management Journal, 27(1), 22-38.
Gyawali, B. (2015). Effective approaches to improve the psychosocial work environment. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4(11), 1-6. doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0308201426
Hassard, J., & Cox, T. (2013). The physical work environment and work-related stress: mechanisms and consequences. Environment and Behaviour, 30, 739-762.
Hon, A. H., & Kim, T. Y. (2007). Work overload and employee creativity: The roles of goal commitment, task feedback from supervisor, and reward for competence. Current Topics in Management, 12, 193-211.
Iqbal, F., Nisar, A., & Ali, A. (2018). The moderating effect of job aid on the relationship between work environment and employees’ productivity in oil and gas development company limited (OGDCL) of Pakistan. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(6), 630-651.
Joo, B-K. B., McLean, G. N, & Yang, B. (2013). Creativity and human resource development: An integrative literature review and a conceptual framework for future research. Human Resource Development Review, 12(4), 390-421.
Jovanović, V., & Joshanloo, M. (2019). The determinants of life satisfaction in Serbia: Findings from the Gallup World Poll. International Journal of Well-being, 9(1), 43-60.
Kanematsu, H., & Barry, D. M. (2016). The importance of STEM for modern education. In: STEM and ICT Education in Intelligent Environments. Intelligent Systems Reference Library, Springer, Cham.
Kaplan, J. D. (1950). Dialogues of Plato. New York: Washington Square Press.
Kenetta, Y. N., Levy, O. L., Kenett, D. Y., Stanley, H. E., Faust, M., & Havlin, S. (2017). Flexibility of thought in high creative individuals represented by percolation analysis. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 115(5), 867-872.
Khalid, S., & Zubair, A. (2014). Emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and creativity among employees of advertising agencies. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 29(2), 203-221.
Kim, K., & Choi, S. B. (2017). Influences of creative personality and working environment on the research productivity of Business School Faculty. Creativity Research Journal, 29(1), 10-20.
Kinman, G., & Wray, S. (2020). Well-being in academic employees–a benchmarking approach. In: Handbook of Research on Stress and Well-being in the Public Sector. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.
Krippner, S., & Arons, M. (1973). Creativity: Person, product, or process? Gifted Child Quarterly, 17, 116-123.
Lambert, E. G., Elechi, O. O., & Otu, S. (2018). Living the good life: The effects of job variables on Nigerian prison staff life satisfaction. International Criminal Justice Review, 20(20), 1-17.
Lovell, A., & Beckstrand, G. (2015). The impact of excellent employee well-being. O.C. Tanner Institute Global Health and Well-being Survey Report USA.
Mate-Siakwa, G. (2014). Sources of stress and coping strategies adopted by academic senior members in the University of Cape Coast. International Journal of Research in Social Science, 4(2), 31-39.
Mercer Annual Report (2015 March 4). 2015 Quality of living survey. Mercer’s national survey of employer-sponsored health plans.
Mertler, C. A., & Reinhart, R. V. (2017). Advanced and multivariate statistical methods: Practical application and interpretation (6th ed.). New York and London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Moksony, F. (1990). Small is beautiful. The use and interpretation of R2 in social research. Review of Sociology, Special Issue, 130-138.
Muhammad, N. Q., & Nasreen, T. M. (2015). Determinants of employee health and happiness: A perceptive of well-being from Islamic and general point of view at public sector organisations in Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Al-Idah, 31, 84-103.
Naseem, K. (2018). Job stress, happiness and life satisfaction: The moderating role of emotional intelligence empirical study in telecommunication sector Pakistan. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies, 4(1), 7-14.
Nielsen, K., Nielsen, M. B., Ogbonnaya, C., Känsälä, M., Saari, E., & Isaksson, K. (2017). Workplace resources to improve both employee well-being and performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Work & Stress, 31(1), 101-120.
Nigerian University System Statistical Digest (2018). Lecturer-student ratio. National Universities Commission, Abuja.
Nwachukwu, V. N., & Asom, F. (2015). Utilization of computer technology for academic work by lecturers of University of Jos – Nigeria. International Journal of Library and Information Science Studies, 1(2), 14-22.
Odigiri, M., Watson, D., Hayes, C., & Tekelas, F. (2020). Factors affecting academic job performance in Nigerian Universities; A case study of Delta State University & Igbinedion University Okada. The Market: International Journal of Business, 1(1), 42-56.
Ogenyi, R. F., Onuoha, B. C., & Nwede, I. G. (2018). Employees emotions and creativity in advertising agencies in Port Harcourt. International Journal of Advanced Academic Research, Social & Management Sciences, 4(4), 118-143.
Olofin, B. B., & Aniede, P. I. (2016). Problem and prospect e-learning in Nigerian universities. International Journal of Technology and Inclusive Education (IJTIE), 3(2), 320-327.
Oludeyi, O. S., Momoh, A. M., & Akinsanya, A. O. (2018). Campus environmental factors and job commitment of staff in State universities in Ogun South-West Nigeria. Human Social Sciences, 7(1), 42-61.
Omole, D. (2018, August 26). Excess workload killing lecturers, ASUU cries out. P.M. News.
Onyido, I. (2018). Nigerian universities full of ‘Internet Professors.’ Paper presented at the 55th meeting of the committee of Deans of Post Graduate Schools in Nigerian Universities held at Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Osaat, D. S., & Ekechukwu, R. (2017). Managing workload of academic staff for job effectiveness in Nigerian universities: A study of University of Port Harcourt in South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education, 4(12), 102-108.
Paek, S. H., & Sumners, S. E. (2017). The indirect effect of teachers’ creative mindsets on teaching creativity. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 70(100), 1-14.
Perry-Smith, Jill., & Mannucci, P. V. (2017). From creativity to innovation: The social network drivers of the four phases of the idea journey. The Academy of Management Review, 42, 53-79.
Rotich, O., & Tugumisirize, J. (2017). Mental health in developing countries emphasis on Africa. Journal of Mental Health, 23(1), 25-30.
Rubenstein, L. D., Ridgley, L. M., Callan, G. L., Karami, S., & Ehlinger, J. (2018). How teachers perceive factors that influence creativity development: Applying a social cognitive theory perspective. Teaching and Teacher Education, 70, 100-110.
Runco, M. A. (2014). Creativity: Theories and themes: Research, development, and practice. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Sadi, M. (2019). Barriers to organizational creativity: A perspective of national and expatriate academics in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Management Development, 27(6), 574-599.
Salvioni, D. M., Franzoni, S., & Cassano, R. (2017). Sustainability in the higher education system: An opportunity to improve quality and image. Sustainability, 9(1), 1-27. doi:10.3390/su9060914
Shimomitsu, T., Haratani, T., & Nakamura, K. (2000). The Final Development of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire Mainly used for Assessment of the Individuals. The Ministry of Labor sponsored grant for the prevention of work-related illness, 126-164.
Steenkamp, N., & Roberts, R. (2018). Does workload and institutional pressure on accounting educators affect academia at Australian universities? Accounting and Finance, 10, 1-36.
Suh, H. (2019). Motivational orientations to mindfulness and well-being. International Journal of Well-being, 9(1), 1-19.
Taylor, T. E. (2015). The markers of well-being: A basis for a theory-neutral approach to well-being. International Journal of well-being, 5(2), 75-90.
Tov, W. (2018). Well-being concepts and components. In E. Diener, S. Oishi, & L. Tay (Eds.), Handbook of well-being. Salt Lake City, UT: DEF Publishers.
Umukoro, J. E., & Egwakhe, A. J. (2019). Flexible well-being and smart-head. International Journal of Research Science & Management, 6(12), 103-118. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3596345
Umukoro, J. E., Egwakhe, A. J., & Ajike, E. O. (2020). Worker’s well-being to creative process: Does it count? International Business Management, 14(7), 226-235. DOI: 10.36478/ibm.2020.226.235
University of Salford (2016). Academic role description manual volume 8. Machester, United Kingdom.
Usoro, A. A. (2018). Occupational stress and the job effectiveness of Federal university lecturers in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria. Global Journal of Management and Business Research: Administration and Management, 18(3), 23-28.
van Vianen, A. (2018). Person–environment fit: A review of its basic tenets. Annual Review of Organisational Psychology and Organisational Behavior, 5, 75-101.
World Economic Forum. (2018). The Global Competitiveness Report. The framework of the Global Competitiveness and Risks Team.
World Education Services (2017). Education in Nigeria.
Zhou, J. & Shalley, C. E. (2018). Research on employee creativity: A critical review and directions for future research. Journal of General International Medicine, 25(11), 1244-1247.
Zikmund, W., Quinlan, C., Babbin, B., Carr, J., & Griffin, M. (2015). Business research methods. South-Western College Publisher.
How to Cite
UMUKORO, Jones E.; EGWAKHE, Johnson A.; FALANA, Ranti B.. RETHINKING WELL-BEING INPUT FOR CREATIVE PERSON. Journal of Business And Entrepreneurship, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 38-51, july 2021. ISSN 2685-6255. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2021. doi: